Bill Budinger

Why Renewables Cannot Replace Fossil Fuels

It's all in the math and physics.

Is Nuclear Energy Too Expensive?

Understanding the full cost of energy systems.

Overcoming the Obstacles to Clean Electricity

Wind and solar are important to our clean energy mix, but without baseload reliability, coal won’t go away.

Mind the Gap!

The steps we need to take to maximize the potential of wind and solar power.

Why Wind and Solar Aren't Enough

Both suffer from an intermittency problem. A plausible back-up source is needed—and there's only one.